Bosnia and Herzegovina is obliged to guarantee the realization of social rights in a fair, adequate and non-discriminatory manner according to the obligations stemming from international and European human rights instruments (the 1966 International Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the 1996 Revised European Social Charter).
Social security system in Bosnia and Herzegovina encompasses: social insurance, social assistance, family and child assistance and veteran's protection. Within the social insurance scheme there are: pension and invalidity insurance, health insurance and health protection, and unemployment insurance.
Foreign citizens are part of the social insurance system only if they are employed by company that pays social contributions for them to the state.
Social security contributions in BiH are regulated at the entity level. The greater part of the contribution is paid by the employer, with the expatriate paying on average 33% of the cost.
Useful links for further information:
Ministry for Human Rights and Refugees of Bosnia and Herzegovina (content availabile in local languages only)
Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina - BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON THE ENTRY, STAY AND INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION OF ALIENS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Document on Social security system in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Right to Social Protection in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Concerns on Adequacy and Equality
Foreign Investment Promotion Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Social security contributions paid by the employer and the employee